Wartime sexual violence worldwide

Rape as a weapon of war has been used in conflicts around the world. It is widespread in many wars today.

Throughout history, rape has been used as a weapon of war on all continents. The problem is not limited to a certain time or region but has been employed in countries such as Bangladesh, North Korea, the Philippines, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sri-Lanka, Uganda, Vietnam and the former Yugoslavia. Sexual violence was also widespread during World War II in different parts of Europe and Asia.

While there are no exact statistics on the number of victims or the prevalence of sexual violence, research indicates that it is a global problem.

The map shows the prevalence, based on reports of conflict-related sexual violence committed by state armed forces, pro-government militias, and rebel forces in conflicts active in the years 1989-2009.

The map is based on the November 2016 Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict dataset. The colour code for each country where a conflict took place or is still taking place was based on the highest prevalence score of sexual violence measured during the conflict. The SVAC dataset coded for prevalences: none (turquoise), some (yellow), several (orange) and massive (red). Literature: Cohen, Dara Kay and Ragnhild Nordås. 2014. Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict Dataset. Data retrieved from the Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict Dataset.